Maximize the Home Thermal Efficiency Through Smart Designs

April 27, 2010
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Smart Design to Maximize the Thermal Efficiency of Your Home

The household energy expenses can be compact by as much as 70% through careful execution of energy smart design principles that maximize thermal efficiency, leaving your home 5 °C warmer in winter and up to 10 °C cooler in summer. The consideration during the design stage for issues relating to wall construction, window placement and site orientation will gather massive benefit with little or no additional expense.

Some of the most efficient methods for achieving maximum energy reduction include:

* The incorporation of the use of heavyweight building materials in the construction to provide a thermal mass heat sink.

* Planning internal room placement and usage so the rooms used during the day are orientated to the North and bedrooms avoid facing west.

* Correctly sizing windows and sill heights to eave widths to optimize passive solar principles relative to the sun’s inclination. Avoiding large windows that face east or west.

* Selecting light colored roofing materials and a pitch complementing the Angie of incidence to the sun for the relative latitude.

* Limiting ceiling height no higher than 2.7 m and eliminating 2 story Voids if possible to dramatically reduce heating costs.

* Drought proofing all opening doors and window with effective seals, utilizing mechanical roof and cross flow ventilation.

* Connecting to Natural gas if available, installing thermostat controlled Solar water heating, low voltage lighting and smart energy rated appliances.

* Avoid the overuse of glazing (ideally between 20-30% of the total floor area) and non reflective dark colored building materials, Skylights should be kept as small as possible. Installed vertically and face south.

* Consider double glazing, laminated or Toned glass, Fixed or adjustable shading devices such as awnings, pergolas and landscape design.

* Insulation of your home can save 45-55% of its heating and cooling requirements.

Improving sustainability for those future generations who will also need to occupy that portion of planet Earth you currently call home.